Types of lenses

You can use many types of lenses for using your DSLR camera. And many types of lenses for glasses. So, in this article, you can know how many types of lenses in camera.

Camera lenses are one of the most important determinants in your photography. The camera lens you choose for every shot can dramatically change your photoshoot results; so, know-how all the Types of lenses work. So, you can make more informed decisions as a good photographer in several situations.

What are the two main types of lenses?

The two main types of camera lenses are:

  1. Convex Lens (Converging)
  2. Concave Lens (Diverging)

How many types of lenses in camera?

  1. Kit Lens
  2. Prime Lens
  3. Zoom Lens
  4. Telephoto lenses
  5. Wide-angle lenses
  6. Macro lenses
  7. Portrait Lens
  8. Fisheye Lenses
  9. Tilt-Shift Lenses

1. Kit Lens

Types of lenses

Kit Lens

Typically very low-priced and not really fast or particularly sharp, camera kit lenses are sold in camera kits to sweeten the deal of a camera buying. This camera lens, not a great lens But, for starters, a kit lens is fine for maximum photographers.

2. Prime Lens

Types of lenses

Prime Lens

A prime lens is a fixed-focal-length camera lens, such as 35mm, 50mm, 85mm, and more.

Typically this lens is faster (i.e., possessing a wider most aperture, smaller ƒ-number) due to the simplified optical construction, primes are frequently shorter and lighter than camera zoom lenses, as very well, and traditionally are very high quality, by default. Professional models are very larger, but also exceptionally very sharp.

3. Zoom Lens

Types of lenses

Zoom Lens

A zoom lens can be adjusted photography across a range of focal lengths, for example, a 24-70mm camera zoom lens. Some zooms are added wide-angle, some are added telephoto, and some “extreme zooms” cover a range from wide to telephoto lens.

As for benefits, a single camera lens can all cover a wide range, so a particular zoom can replace two or three prime camera lenses.

This camera lens makes it ideal for travel and street photography, where the ability to change focal lengths immediately and to travel light is distinct very good benefits. One downside is that fast zooms (with wider most apertures) are very high-priced.

4. Telephoto lenses

Types of lenses

Telephoto lenses

Telephoto lenses are obviously the most popular of all camera lenses. They are absolutely perfect for portrait photography and wildlife photography, as they offer a very closer view of your targeted subject, and in doing so, keep distortion low.

Faster camera lenses with some type of stabilization are most useful. Look for stats such as f/2.8 or alike with IS or OS.

5. Wide-angle lenses

Types of lenses

Wide-angle lenses

The Wide-angle camera lenses are identified by the bulbous shape of the glass in front of the camera lens. They are liked by landscape photographers the all world over.

A good camera lens should include very high-quality glass and have a very low corner distortion rate, where a falloff in sharpness in the camera lens corners is minimal, and versatile features such as Image Stabilization (IS).

Ideally, they should also include a camera lens hood to minimize lens flare, when photo shooting into light or the sun. Commonly the heavier a wide-angle camera lens the very higher quality of the glass used in manufacture, and the better the camera lens overall.

6. Macro lenses

Types of lenses

Macro lenses

Macro lenses, often used for focussing on finite detail in very tiny objects, are usually very high-quality camera lenses that are well contrived. Find a camera lens with a fast most aperture of f/2.0 or f/2.8, if possible. You’ll pay more extra; however, your ability to experiment with selective focus will be much more numerous.

7. Portrait Lens

Types of lenses

Portrait Lens

A Portrait camera lens ideal for portraits is a short to medium telephoto lens with a wide maximum aperture. So, 100mm ƒ/2 camera lenses, for instance, or an 85mm ƒ/1.4, are ideal portrait camera lenses.

They allow for concentration to simplify backgrounds and minimize facial features, while not needing you to stand so far from your targeted subject that you can’t easily interact with them.

Related Article: 1. Camera lens cleaning kits, 2. Camera lens hoods, 3. Polarized camera lens

8. Fisheye Lenses

Types of lenses

Fisheye Lenses

Fisheye camera lenses are amazing bits of camera glass. With the bulbous part protruding from the housing of your camera lens, they are very fragile and very easy to scratch.

They can’t be guarded by a UV filter; alternately, use slip in gelatin camera filters in the rear of the camera lens. Discover one that’s fast–f/2.8 or f/3.5–like Sigma’s 8mm.

Look for edge to edge very sharpness, as well. These are excellent for fitting the whole world into just one-shot–almost literally–with the greatest providing a full 180-degree view!

9. Tilt-Shift Lenses

Types of lenses

Tilt-Shift Lenses

Tilt-Shift camera lenses are very high end and ideal for correcting your camera view caused by angling upwards and downwards, which results in a “leaning in and leaning out” type distortion.

The frontal camera lens part is shifted to oppose the tilt of the camera. Normally not wider than 90mm, expect to pay upwards of $2K per unit, but it’s very well worth it.

Tilt-Shift camera lenses can also be used to create a tiny effect this effect mimics the very limited depth of field by very fast, shallow depth of field camera lenses and can be used to unbelievable effect.

Bottom line

As a photographer, you need to have an idea about all types of lenses. Hopefully, you got to understand how many types of camera lenses in the world.

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